“Two factors intervened to explain the transition of the Spanish State from a dictatorship to a democracy. One was the popular movements against the dictatorship, particularly accentuated in the most industrialized parts of Spain, including Barcelona, Bilbao, and Madrid. All strikes were forbidden under Franco and, as a consequence, every illegal strike became a political strike against the regime. This working-class pressure was critical to change.

The second factor was the need of the large business community (very influential in the dictatorial regime) to become integrated into the European Union.”

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